整理动词变单三规则

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动词变单三的规则:

1. 一般的动词在词尾加s. work—works, readreads

2. 以s,x,ch,sh,及辅音字母+o结尾的单词在词尾加es. Watchwatches,dodoes.

3. 以辅音字母加y结尾的动词变y为i,再加es. flyflies.

4. 以元音字母加y结尾的动词直接在词尾加—s. playplays

5. 不规则变化。如:havehas

动词变现在分词(ing)的规则:

1. 一般情况在词尾加ing. 如:workworking.

2. 以不发音字母e结尾的,去e再加—ing.如:taketaking,makemaking.

3. 以重读闭音节结尾且末尾只有一个辅音字母的,要双写末尾的辅音字母再加—ing.如:swimswimming, run running.

4. 以字母ie结尾的动词,将ie变为y再加 ing。如:diedying.

动词过去式变化规则:

1.一般在动词末尾加-ed,如:pull-pulled, cook-cooked

2.结尾是e加d,如:taste-tasted

3.末尾只有一个元音字母和一个辅音字母的重读闭音节,应双写末尾的辅音字母,再加-ed,如:stop-stopped

4.以“辅音字母+y”结尾的,变y为i, 再加-ed,如:study-studied

AB型

can could shall should will would may might

AAA型

cost cost cost cut cut cut hit hit hit hurt hurt hurt let let let

must must must put put put set set set shut shut shut read read read

AAB型

beat beat beaten

ABA型

become became become come came come run ran run

ABB型

bring brought brought buy bought bought think thought thought

catch caught caught teach taught taught build built built

lend lent lent send sent sent spend spent spent

dig dug dug hang hung hung feel felt felt

keep kept kept sleep slept slept sweep swept swept

leave left left smell smelt smelt spill spilt spilt

lay laid laid pay paid paid say said said

sell sold sold tell told told sit sat sat

spit spat spat stand stood stood understand understood understood

learn learnt learnt mean meant meant spoil spoilt spoilt

shine shone shone win won won have had had

make made made

hear heard heard

find found found

hold held held

ABC型

begin began begun

drink drank drunk

ring rang rung

sing sang sung

sink sank sunk

swim swam swum

blow blew blown

fly flew flown

grow grew grown

know knew known

throw threw thrown

draw drew drawn

show showed shown

break broke broken

choose chose chosen

forget forgot forgotten

freeze froze frozen

speak spoke spoken

wake woke woken

drive drove driven

eat ate eaten

fall fell fallen

give gave given

hide hid hidden

ride rode ridden

rise rose risen

take took taken

mistake mistook mistaken

write wrote written

am/is was been

are were been

do did done

go went gone

lie lay lain

see saw seen

wear wore worn

易错型

show showed shown

draw drew drawn

fall fell fallen

feel felt felt

hold held held

help helped helped

think thought thought

thank thanked thanked

take took taken

talk talked talked

get got got

forget forgot forgotten

meet met met

mean meant meant

hit hit hit

hide hid hidden

ring rang rung

bring brought brought

eat ate eaten

beat beat beaten

lie lay lain

lay laid laid

find found found

found founded founded

buy bought bought

bring brought brought

learn learnt learnt

hear heard heard

5.过去式和过去分词有两种形式(以下全是ABB)

burn burned burned

burnt burnt

learn learned learned

learnt learnt

smell smelled smelled

smelt smelt

spell spelled spelled

spelt spelt

shine shined shined

shone shone

leap leaped leaped

leapt leapt